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[消防安全教育知识]遇到火灾时,该如何逃生自救?

作者: 实验室设计发表时间:2019-05-07 10:16:46浏览量:5712

消防安全教育知识 会逃生自救 发生火灾时,如果被大火围困,特别是被围困在楼上时,在拨打了119报警电话后,我们应千方百计设法自救。具体做法如下: 1、发生火灾赶紧逃,如火势不大,可浸湿棉被、...
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会逃生自救


 发生火灾时,如果被大火围困,特别是被围困在楼上时,在拨打了119报警电话后,我们应千方百计设法自救。具体做法如下:

1、FASHENGHUOZAIGANJINTAO,RUHUOSHIBUDA,KEJINSHIMIANBEI、TANZIDENGPIZAISHENSHANGCONGHUOZHONGCHONGCHUQU。CISHI,YAODANGJILIDUAN,QIEBUKEYOUYUBUJUE,YIMIANHUOSHIYUESHAOYUEDA,CUOGUOTAOSHENGSHIJI。SHENCHUYANWUWUKOUBI,RUOBEIKUNZHOUWEIYANWUHENDA,ZHEIKEBIHUOGENGWEIKEPA。YINWEIYANWUZHONGHANYOUDALIANGDEYOUDUYOUHAIQITI,RUGUOBUJIAFANGBEI,JIUHUIBEIYOUDUYOUHAIYANQIXUNDAO,ZHEIWANGWANGSHIHUOZAISHIGUZHONGSIWANGLVZUIGAODEYUANYIN(YUEZHAN95%YISHANG)。RUGUOYIDINGYAOCHONGCHUYANWUQU,BIXUYONGSHIMAOJINDENGWUZHUBIZUI,JINKENENGDIMAOYAOTIEDIPAOCHU,ZHEIYANGCAINENGJIANSHAOYANQIDEXIRULIANG,YIMIANZHONGDUDAOXIA。

2、GUANCHAZHOUWEIZHAOSHENGJI,RUGUOJIANZHUWUYOUBINANFANG、SHUSANLOUTIDE,KEYIXIANDUOJINBINANFANGHUOYOUSHUSANLOUTICHEZHIANQUANDIFANG。

RUDUOCENGJIANZHUWUHUOZAI,LOUTIYIBEISHAODUAN,HUOZHEHUOSHIYIXIANGDANGMENGLIESHI,KEYILIYONGFANGWUDELAOHUCHUANG、YANGTAI、XIASHUIGUANDAOHUOQITAKEYIJIEDILAOGUDEWUJIANTAOSHENG。

3、TIAOLOUTAOSHENGYOUJIQIAO,RUSHENGMINGSHOUDAOWEIXIE,YOUWUTAOSHENGZHILUSHI,KEYIYONGSHENGSUOHUOJIANGCHUANGDANSICHENGTIAOZHUANGLIANJIEQILAI,YIDUANSHUANZAIGUDINGWUJIANSHANG,ZAISHUNZHESHENGSUOHUOBUTIAOHUAXIA。

RUGUOWANFENQINGJIJUEDINGTIAOLOUCHUTAOSHI,KEXIANWANGDIXIAPAOCHUYIXIEYIWUMIANBEIDENG,YIZENGJIAHUANCHONG,RANHOUSHOUFUCHUANGTAIWANGXIAHUA,YISUOXIAOTIAOLUOGAODU,BINGJINLIBAOCHISHUANGJIAOZHEDI,JINKENENGDIBAOQUANXINGMING。

RUCHUZAIJIAOGAOLOUCENG,QIEYOUWUFACAIQUTIAOLOUTAOSHENGDEBANFASHI,KEZAISHINEI,GUANBITONGXIANGHUOQUDEMENCHUANG,RUYOUTIAOJIAN,JINKENENGXIANGMENCHUANGSHANGJIAOSHUIYIHUANHUOSHIMANYAN。ZHEISHI,YAOCAIQUYIQIEBANFA(RUKEYONGDADIANHUA,PAOWUJIANDENGBANFA)XIANGLOUXIADERENFACHUQIUJIUXINHAO,YIYINGDEJIUYUANDEJIHUI。WEINANJIANZHENQING,ZAICHUYUHUOCHANGSHENGSIGUANTOU,GENGYAOFAYANGHUZHUHEFENGXIANJINGSHEN,JINLIBANGZHULAO、YOU、FU、RUOZHEYOUXIANSHUSAN。QIANWANBUNENGJINGKONGSHICUO,WUXUDUOLU。

4、TAOMINGQIEJIJINDIANTI,YOUQIYINGGAIZHUYIDESHI,CHUZAIGAOCENGJIANZHUHUOZAISHI,RUGUOBUSHIXIAOFANGZHUANYONGDIANTI,JUEDUIBUNENGJINDIANTITAOSHENG。YINWEIZHEISHIDEDIANTIDIANYUANSUISHIYOUKENENGBEIQIEDUAN,BINGQIEDIANTITONGDAOWANGWANGZAIFASHENGHUOZAISHISHOUXIANCHENGWEIYANWUDEXIJIBUWEIERCHENGYANDAO。

 


 消防知识和自救

 

1、BUWANHUO、BUSUIYIBAINONGDIANQISHEBEI。

2、BUKEJIANGYANDI、HUOCHAIGANDENGHUOZHONGSUIYIRENGZAIFEIZHILOUNEIHUOKERANZAWUSHANG,BUYAOTANGZAICHUANGSHANGHUOSHAFASHANGXIYAN。

3、ZAIWUJIYISHANGDAFENGTIANHUOGAOHUOXIANDENGJITIANQI,JINZHISHIYONGYICHAICAO、MUCAI、MUTAN、MEITANDENGWEIRANLIAODEYONGHUOXINGWEI,JINZHISHIWAIXIYANHEMINGHUOZUOYE。

4、RUSHUIQIAN,BIXUJIANGYONGDIANQIJUDUANDIAN、GUANBIRANQIKAIGUAN、XIAOCHUYILIUHUOZHONG。YONGDIANSHEBEIZHANGQIBUSHIYONGSHI,YINGQIEDUANKAIGUANHUOBAXIACHAXIAO。

5、YEHUAQIGANGPINGYULUJUJIANYAOBAOCHI1MIYISHANGANQUANJULI,SHIYONGSHI,XIANKAIQIFAZAIDIANHUO;SHIYONGWANBI,XIANGUANQIFAZAIGUANLUJUKAIGUAN。BUYAOSUIYIQINGDAOYEHUASHIYOUQICANYE。FAXIANRANQIXIELOU,YAOXUNSUGUANBIQIYUANFAMEN,DAKAIMENCHUANGTONGFENG,QIEWUCHUDONGDIANQIKAIGUANHESHIYONGMINGHUO,BUYAOZAIRANQIXIELOUCHANGSUOBODADIANHUA、SHOUJI。

6、BUYAOZAILOUTIJIAN、GONGGONGZOUDAONEIDONGHUOHUOCUNFANGWUPIN,BUYAOZAIPENGSHANEIDONGHUO、CUNFANGYIRANYIBAOWUPINHEWEIXIUJIDONGCHELIANG,BUYAOZAIJINHUODIDIANXIYAN、DONGHUO。

7、FAXIANHUOQINGHOUXUNSUBODAHUOJINGDIANHUA119,JIANGMINGXIANGXIDIZHI、QIHUOBUWEI、ZHEHUOWUZHI、HUOSHIDAXIAO、LIUXIAXINGMINGJIDIANHUAHAOMA,BINGPAIRENDAOLUKOUYINGHOUXIAOFANGCHE。

8、JIAZHONGYIDANQIHUO,BIXUBAOCHILENGJING。DUICHUQIHUOZAI,YINGXUNSUQINGLIQIHUODIANFUJINKERANWU,BINGXUNSULIYONGBEIRU、SHUIJIQITAJIANYIMIEHUOQICAIKONGZHIHEPUJIU。JIUHUOSHIBUYAOMAORANDAKAIMENCHUANG,YIMIANKONGQIDUILIU,JIASUHUOSHIMANYAN。

9、YAOZHANGWOHUOCHANGTAOSHENGDEJIBENFANGFA,QINGCHUZHUZHAIZHOUWEIHUANJING,SHUXITAOSHENGLUXIAN。DAHUOLAILINSHIYAOXUNSUTAOSHENG,BUKETANLIANCAIWU,YIMIANSHIQUTAOSHENGSHIJI。TAOSHENGTUZHONG,BUYAOXIEDAIZHONGWU,TAOLIHUOCHANGHOU,BUYAOMAOXIANFANHUIHUOCHANG。

10、HUOCHANGTAOSHENGSHI,BAOCHILENGJING,ZHENGQUEGUJIHUOSHI。RUHUOSHIBUDA,YINGDANGJILIDUAN,PISHANGJINSHIDEYIWU、BEIRUDENGXIANGANQUANCHUKOUFANGXIANGTAOLI。TAOSHENGSHIBUKECHENGZUODIANTI。TAOSHENGSHIYINGSUISHOUGUANBISHENHOUFANGMEN,FANGZHIYANQIWEISUIJINRU。

11、LOUXIAQIHUO,LOUSHANGJUMINQIEJIKAIMENGUANKANHUOJIYUXIALOUTAOSHENG,YAOJINBIFANGMEN,KEYONGJINSHIDECHUANGDAN、CHUANGLIANDENGDUSAIMENFENGHUOZHANSHANGJIAODAI。RUGUOFANGMENFATANG,YAOPOSHUIJIANGWEN。

12、RUOTAOSHENGLUXIANJUNBEIDAHUOFENGSUO,KEXIANGYANGTAIHUOXIANGJIASHEYUNTICHEDECHUANGKOUYIDONG,BINGYONGDASHOUDIANTONG、HUIWUYIWU、HUJIAODENGFANGSHIFASONGQIUJIUXINHAO,DENGDAIJIUYUAN。

HUOZAIWUQING,DANGDAHUORANQISHI,YAOZUODEDIYIJIANSHIJIUSHIZHUAJINTUOLIXIANJING。ZAITUOLISHI,WANGWANGYAOCHUANGUOZHEHUODIDAI,ZHEISHIRUGUOHUOSHISHANGBUTAIMENG,KEYICHUANSHANGJINSHIDEBUYIRANSHAODEYIFUHUOGUOSHANGSHIDEHOUTANZI。DIMIANYOUHUOKEYICHUANSHANGJIAOXIE,CHUANGUOHUOQUSHIYAOXUNSUGUODUAN,BUYAOXIQI,YIMIANBEINONGYANXUNQIANG。TAOSHENGZHIQIAN,YAOTANMINGZHEHUOFANGWEI,QUEDINGFENGXIANG,ZAIHUOSHIMANYANZHIQIAN,CHAONIFENGFANGXIANGKUAISULIKAIHUOZAIQUYU。

FANGJIANLIZHEHUOSHI,BIRANHUICHANSHENGHENDUONONGYAN,QIZHONGHANYOUDALIANGDEYIYANGHUATAN,ZAIZHEIZHONGHUANJINGTINGLIUSHIJIANGUOZHANG,JIUHUIZHONGDU。YANNENGSUIZHEREKONGQIJUJIZAIFANGJIANSHANGBU,ERSHINEIXIABU,NENGKANQINGWUPINHEFANGXIANG,ZHEISHIRENMENYINGGAIDUNXIAHUOPAXIA。RUGUOSHIJIAN、TIAOJIANYUNXUDEHUA,KEYONGSHIMAOJINWUZHUKOUBI,PAXIANGMENKOU。DAKAIFANGMENHOU,YANZHELOUTIZOUXIAQU,QIANWANBUYAOZOUDIANTI,YINDIANTISUISHIKENENGYINWEIHUOCHANGTINGDIANBUNENGSHENGJIANGHUOBEISHAOHUAI。

 

 


 遇到火灾时,该如何逃生自救?

 

1、ZAOTAOSHENG。ZAIYIBANQINGKUANGXIA,HUOSHIYOUCHUQIDAOKUANGSHAO,ZHIXUSHIJIFENZHONG,LIUJIRENMENDETAOSHENGSHIJIANFEICHANGDUANZAN。YINCI,ZAIFASHENGHUOZAISHI,YIDINGBUYAOMAITOUQIANGJIUJIATINGCAICHANERDAOZHIBEIJUDEFASHENG,ERSHIYAOKUAISUTAOLI。

2、YAOBAOHUHUXIXITONG。ZAITAOSHENGSHIYONGSHUIZHANSHIMAOJIN、YIFU、BULEIDENGWUPIN,YONGQIYANZHUKOUBI,YIBIMIANYANWUXUNRENDAOZHIHUNMIHUOZHEZHONGDUHEBEIREKONGQIZHUOSHANGHUXIXITONGRUANZUZHIZHIXIZHISIDEWEIXIAN。RUGUOYANWUJIAONONG,XI、ZHOUZHEDI,PUPUQIANJIN。

3、 YAOCONGTONGDAOSHUSAN。RUSHUSANLOUTI、XIAOFANGDIANTI、SHIWAISHUSANLOUTIDENG。

4、YAOLIYONGSHENGSUOHUAXING。YONGJIESHIDESHENGZIHUOJIANGCHUANGLIAN、CHUANGDANBEIRUDENGSICHENGTIAO,NINGCHENGSHENG,YONGSHUIZHANSHIHOUJIANGQISHUANZAILAOGUDEGUANDAO、CHUANGKUANG、CHUANGJIASHANG,BEIKUNRENYUANZHUGESHUNSHENGSUOHUADAOXIAYILOUCENGHUODIMIAN。

5、DICENGTIAOLI,SHIYONGYUERCENGLOU。TIAOQIANXIANXIANGDIMIANRENGYIXIEMIANBEI、ZHENTOU、CHUANGDIAN、DAYIDENGROURUANDEWUPIN,YIBIAN“RUANZHELU”,RANHOUYONGSHOUBAZHUCHUANGHU,SHENTIXIACHUI,ZIRANXIAHUA,YISUODUANTIAOLUOGAODU。DANQIANWANYAOJIZHUMOTIAOGAOLOU,YINWEICONG10MIYISHANG(SANCENGLOUGAO)DEGAODUWANGXIATIAO,HENSHAOHUOMING。WEICI,ZUIYAOJINDESHIQIUJIU,YINGGAILIJIYONGSHUIZHANSHICHUANGDAN、BEIRU,YONGQISAIJINMENCHUANG,FANGZHIYANWUSHENTOUJINLAI,TONGSHIYAOBUDUANDIXIANGCHUANGDAN、BEIRUSHANGPOSHUI,FANGZHIQIGANZAO。

6、YAOJIEZHUQICAI。TONGCHANGSHIYONGDEYOUHUANJIANGQI、JIUSHENGDAI、WANG、QIDIAN、RUANTI、HUAGAN、HUATAI、DAOXIANGSHENG、JIUSHENGXIANTIDENG。

7、WEIZANSHIBINAN。ZAIWULUTAOSHENGDEQINGKUANGXIA,KELIYONGWEISHENGJIANDENGZANSHIPINAN。BINANSHIYAOYONGSHUIPENLINYINGHUOMENCHUANG,BAFANGJIANNEIYIQIEKERANWULINSHI,YANZHANGSHIJIAN。ZAIZANSHIBINANQIJIAN,YAOZHUDONGYUWAIJIELIANXI,YIBIANJINZAOHUOJIU。

8、LIYONGBIAOZHIYINDAOTUOXIAN。ZAIGONGGONGCHANGSUODEQIANGSHANG、DINGPENGSHANG、MENSHANG、ZHUANWANCHUDOUSHEZHI“TAIPINGMEN”、“JINJICHUKOU”、“ANQUANTONGDAO”、“HUOJINGDIANHUA”HETAOSHENGFANGXIANGJIANTOUDENGBIAOZHI,BEIKUNRENYUANANBIAOZHIZHISHIFANGXIANGSHUNXUTAOLI,KEJIE“RANMEIZHIJI”。

9、要提倡利人利己。遇到不顾他人死活的行为和前拥后挤现象,要坚决制止。只有有序地迅速疏散,才能最大限度地减少伤亡。 

 

 

几种常见火灾的扑救方法

 

1、JIAJU、BEIRUDENGQIHUO:YIBANYONGSHUIMIEHUO。YONGSHENBIANKESHENGSHUIDEWUPINRULIANPENDENGXIANGHUOYANSHANGPOSHUI,YEKEBASHUIGUANJIEDAOSHUILONGTOUSHANGPENSHUIMIEHUO;TONGSHIBARANSHAODIANFUJINDEKERANWUPOSHIJIANGWEN。DANYOULEI、DIANQIZHEHUOBUNENGYONGSHUIMIEHUO。

2、DIANQIQIHUO:JIAYONGDIANQIHUOXIANLUZHEHUO,YAOXIANQIEDUANDIANYUAN,ZAIYONGGANFENHUOQITIMIEHUOQIMIEHUO,BUKEZHIJIEPOSHUIMIEHUO,YIFANGCHUDIANHUODIANQIBAOZHASHANGREN。

3、DIANSHIJIQIHUO:DIANSHIJIWANYIQIHUO,JUEBUKEYONGSHUIJIAO,KEYIZAIQIEDUANDIANYUANHOU,YONGMIANBEIJIANGQIGAIMIE。MIEHUOSHI,ZHINENGCONGCEMIANKAOJINDIANSHIJI,YIFANGXIANXIANGGUANBAOZHASHANGREN。RUOSHIYONGMIEHUOQIMIEHUO,BUYINGZHIJIESHEXIANGDIANSHIPINGMU,YIMIANQISHOUREHOUTURANYULENGERBAOZHA。

4、YOUGUOQIHUO:YOUGUOQIHUOSHIYINGXUNSUGUANBILUZAORANQIFAMEN,ZHIJIEGAISHANGGUOGAIHUOYONGSHIMOBUFUGAI,HAIKEXIANGGUONEIFANGRENQIEHAODESHUCAILENGQUEMIEHUO,JIANGGUOPINGWENDUANLILUHUO,LENGQUEHOUCAINENGDAKAIGUOGAI,QIEWUXIANGYOUGUODAOSHUIMIEHUO。

5、RANQIGUANZHEHUO:YAOYONGJINSHIDEBEIRU、YIWUDENGWUGAIHUO,BINGXUNSUGUANBIFAMEN。

6、SHENSHANGQIHUO,BUYAOLUANPAO,KEJIUDIDAGUNHUOYONGHOUZHONGYIWUYAMIEHUOMIAO。CHUANGUONONGYANTAOSHENGSHI,YONGSHIMAOJIN、SHOUPADENGWUZHUKOUBI,JINLIANGSHISHENTITIEJINDIMIAN,WANYAOHUOPUFUQIANJIN。

XIAOFANGSIBAOJI:MIEHUOQI、TAOSHENGSHENG、FANGDUMIANJU、SHOUDIANTONG

 

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